News Quarterly

Winter 2017 GTS News Quarterly Available for Download


The Winter 2017 GTS News Quarterly was mailed out at the end of December. You can download the PDF now by clicking below. This edition includes:







Download the Winter 2017 edition of GTS News Quarterly.

All of the articles from GTS News Quarterly can be read online at:

Alumni Gathering 2017 – Save the Date



The next annual Alumni Gathering at The General Theological Seminary, a celebration of the 195th Commencement, will take place on the Close beginning with Evensong on Monday, May 15, 2017 and continuing through Graduation on Wednesday, May 17, 2017. The Gathering will feature the Memorial Eucharist and presentation of the Distinguished Alumni Award to the Rev. Steven Hulme, Class of 1959; a Special Evensong Baccalaureate Service, Colloquium (presenters to be announced), Baccalaureate, Graduating Student and Honorary Doctorate Dinner, Graduation Breakfast, Eucharist, and Commencement ceremony; and opportunities for conversation, worship, meeting students and faculty, and re-connecting with friends.


Click here for details as they become available. An announcement will be made via email at that time. If you would like to be a class agent for your class, or for more information, please email

More Wisdom Year Stories - Hank Tuell and Jo Ann Jones

In response to the evolving needs of the Church, The General Theological Seminary is building a program of education and formation that integrates the classical theological disciplines with real-world experience and practical ministry skills. As part of The Way of Wisdom, seminarians spend their final year in a Wisdom Year residency while connecting their experience to their classwork through particpation in the Integrative Seminars. During The Wisdom Year, students synthesize their entire seminary education through practical experience that goes beyond field placement, by placing them in real-world, paid, part-time positions in a ministry setting. The students are given support, mentoring, and tools to connect this experience to their academic pursuits on campus.

Following are a few of our current students and the experiences they are having out in the world of parish ministry.

Hank Tuell (center) with students from the Canterbury Downtown community
Hank Tuell (center) with students from the Canterbury Downtown community

Henry (Hank) Tuell M.Div., Class of 2017

Hank Tuell, from the Diocese of Montana, is doing his Wisdom Year Pastoral Residency with Canterbury Downtown Campus Ministry, a Christian community of, by, and for university students in lower Manhattan. Canterbury Downtown provides students from varying backgrounds and experiences with space for respect, hospitality, and spiritual growth. Tuell participates in the services they attend at Grace Church, meals, and various activities including guest speakers and discussion groups. He also holds individual pastoral meetings with students and is engaged in their retreats and public service opportunities.

The experience is increasing Tuell’s love for Pastoral Care and Chaplaincy. “In the changing world we’ll be called to a lot of different things,” he says, “and pastoral care is key. In Campus ministry, we must lead in a rapidly changing environment, and this is really useful practical experience in dealing with changes and being watchful for what’s needed in a community.” Canterbury Downtown is an open and inclusive community, and Tuell is grateful for the opportunity to work in other faith settings, where there is the promise of finding common ground and better understanding each other. He observes “a need within our Church to better foster and maintain our relationships with young adults as they transition from high school to college to work. We need them as much as they need us during this transition.”

Jo Ann Jones preaching in The Chapel of the Good Shepherd
Jo Ann Jones preaching in The Chapel of the Good Shepherd

Jo Ann Jones M.Div., Class of 2017

Jo Ann Jones, from the Diocese of Pennsylvania, is spending her Wisdom Year in dual Pastoral Residencies at St. David's Church, Wayne and St. Alban's Church, Newtown Square in her home Diocese. St. David's is a very large parish with the means for many programs and much outreach. It is a church on a mission to know Christ and to make Christ known. St. Alban's, on the other hand, was a mission created by St. David's and is now without full-time clergy. Its mission is to be the heart, voice, hands and feet of Jesus Christ. St. Alban’s clergy are supplied by St. David's weekly.

Jones has the benefit of observing the administration of a very large and well-resourced church while at the same time assisting a struggling small congregation regain its footing and secure its future. She is “thankful for the breadth of this experience and, in both cases, for the embrace and trust of the members of both congregations in me and my gifts for ministry.”

The Wisdom Year provides the opportunity to use lessons learned during courses in congregational settings and to experience regular life in a congregation in preparation for ordained ministry. Jones states her gratitude “for the members of St. David's Church, Wayne and St. Alban's Church, Newtown Square for including me in their congregations and allowing me to learn from and minister to them." She goes on, “During a recent visit with a parish family, I brought Communion to the wife/mother who had recently broken her ankle. She and her husband shared many stories with me about their family. Because I have known them for a short time, it was a great privilege to hear them tell me about some of their struggles, revealing their love for their family and each other. What a joy!”

The Curious Nature of Church Foundations


The Very Rev. Kurt H. Dunkle

Dean and President

My father was a builder. Not a metaphorical builder, but an actual one. He moved my mom and his family to Florida right after the second World War from a small mill town in central Pennsylvania to start a construction company. He thought that would be a good foundation for the future.

He built houses and buildings for people and companies. As a child, I often went with him to the job site. It was great being with my dad. Most of my growing up was done in the front seat of his truck.

Building something was always fun to watch. The heavy equipment was, for a little boy, heaven. The beams and boards coming together were cool to watch and imagine how the life-sized Lincoln Log project would change day after day. It was also remarkable how, even after a structure was dried in—that is the walls were up and the roof laid out—the building was still only a third completed. There was so much more to be done, even when everything seemed like it was just weeks away from being finished.

The one part of building that was not so fun to watch was the foundational stage. It was just digging in the dirt, laying pipes and conduit which was intended to be silent and hidden, and then pouring concrete over steel, which no one would ever see. Those days with my dad were particularly uninteresting. I liked watching the action of the building come out of the ground. Foundations seemed so lifeless.

Often we think of a foundation in literal terms: it’s the underground, unseen support for a very visible and seen structure. But, what if we think of “foundation” as God would? What if we flipped our perception of a foundation? What if we tried to do what God always does with the world’s well-settled rules: flipped them on their ears!

Remember, God usually flips what the world says is truth.

What if a foundation for faith was the visible and seen rather than the subterranean and unseen? What if foundations built by the hands of Jesus were those structures one could touch and sense, rather than those which are buried and carried the weight without notice? What if, unlike the world’s view of foundations, the structure built thereon was quite invisible and unseen, while the foundation was what everyone looked at?

General is like that foundation. For 199 years, we have been building—and often rebuilding—our foundation. But, that foundation is not merely the structure of what supports us. Sure, much of our major deferred maintenance has been addressed and the last big project, the Chapel of the Good Shepherd, awaits our 200th Anniversary to start its re-polishing. And, our faculty is terrific, with tremendous support of a stellar—and very lean and efficient—staff. But, what if the foundation of General is the seen work we have been mastering over these past few years, with the structure it supports largely invisible?

What if our work is primarily foundational in nature, rather than the glitzy work which rises out of a well-finished foundation?

Building foundations at General has been great. The outstanding academics coupled with the ground-breaking application and integration is just what the church asked for and needs. Reducing our operating deficit from $2.2 million three years ago to around $200,000 last year gives financial sustainability for continued foundation building into our next 200 years. The cultural sustainability of being on the proverbial same page is the mortar which binds the whole foundation together.

So, with all that foundation building, what is the unseen which is being built in this rule-flipping world?

To be just a bit more than a little forward, General and our sister seminaries are foundations upon which the church is built. With a strong General, the church can also be strong. With new ministers—lay and ordained—the church can continue to function as emissaries, heralds, and signs of God’s coming Kingdom.

For our part, we have been working to expand our program offerings to create more entry points to seminary study for an ever-wider audience. We are developing courses and curricula which are designed to prepare men and women for the demands of ministry in our diverse 21st century context. And, as a community, we remain committed to nurturing a common life together centered around worship and prayer.

With those visible foundations of stability and strength, the invisible work of the Holy Spirit can continue to breath life and growth into our Episcopal Church and the wider Body of Christ in the world.

The Winter 2017 issue of GTS News Quarterly is filled with words and images about foundation. You will definitely be able to see what the structure looks like. But after you flip through the pages, put it down and dream for a moment. Dream about what this very visible and concrete place is creating.

When I dream, I see the Kingdom come. I hope you do, too.

Thanks for being at the job site with me today. Building is fun. Isn’t the foundation shaping up nicely?

An Early Spring


Dr. Michael DeLashmutt

Vice President and Dean of Academic Affairs

This article is being published in the depths of winter, but I come to you to tell you of growth and fruition. Perhaps it’s cliché these days to talk about the changing landscape of theological education—some recent descriptions even take on an almost cataclysmic tone. But, as followers of Jesus, I believe we should be fundamentally oriented toward hope. And, as I see it, the landscape is rich and full and showing signs of potential.

In my short time as the Academic Dean, I have had the pleasure of seeing first-hand the “green blade” rising from the “buried grain” at The General Theological Seminary. Please forgive such Easter hymnody in the midst of Advent, but I see excitement and hopefulness in the eyes of my colleagues and friends in theological education when I describe the innovative and exciting work we are pursuing, such as the Way of Wisdom curriculum and our Wisdom Year residency, or the upcoming Master of Arts in Ministry degree, or the new academic M.A. concentration in Theology and the Arts.

Some of this resurrection spirit was clearly witnessed by the ATS Self-Study team who visited us this past November as part of our decennial re-accreditation. While they were here, the joyful spirit that characterizes life together on the Close, the collaborative energy faculty colleagues exude, and the commitment to education and formation that is shared widely throughout the seminary community, was on full display.

While we are not yet at liberty to share the results of the visit, we are pleased to hear from our visitors what we, as a community, believe: God is at work at The General Theological Seminary!

What has contributed to making this place such a bright spot in the landscape of theological education? Ongoing support of our alumni and friends during periods of difficulty and the fundamental commitment to vocational and spiritual formation that is so distinctive to and characteristic of this institution.

Last month, I read an article from the ATS entitled “Midpoint Reflections on Educational Models Project.” As the title suggests, the article stems from a major research project that is currently underway at ATS aimed at helping schools develop strategies and responses to the changing landscape go theological education. Funded by a nearly $6 million grant from the Lily Endowment, ATS is midway through a four-year research project that will evaluate and identify effective models of ministry formation and education across more than 250 member schools.

In the article, Stephen Graham, Senior Director of Programs and Services at The Association of Theological Schools, lists ten key findings from the initial research of the project. Of these, the first two deal squarely with the importance of formation in theological education: “In addition to intellectual and academic formation,” Graham writes, “students must be formed as persons of integrity and spirituality.”

While this may not be a surprising finding, what I found of interest was how the call for more intentional formation in theological education extended to the faculty and institution as a whole. Graham goes on to note, “A corollary to the emphasis on theological education as formational education is the need for faculty who are themselves formed and able to mentor the formation of theological students.”

As I read this report, I couldn’t help but feel that my hopefulness for the future of our seminary was affirmed by the research emerging from the Educational Models Project.

Our unified commitment to formation is reflected in our life together, centered around prayer, worship, and common meals and deepened through shared experiences of celebration and struggle. And at General, this formation is not something that we are doing to our students, but life together is something that we—faculty, staff and administration—are choosing to live with our students.

When I share with Academic Deans from other institutions that our faculty commits to spending over 15 hours a week in formational activities, such as chapel worship, community meals, and advising, they are astonished. General has been able to move beyond the modernist trap of theological education, which reduces theological study to pure scholarship alone. In its place, we seek to advance an intentionally integrative model of theological education where rigorous academic study, student learning, and a shared commitment to spiritual transformation can occur side by side.

Recently, one of our new Anglican Year students told me that what she found so refreshing about the spiritual life at General was the clear commitment on the part of the faculty to regular worship and prayer. She felt like the faculty created a welcoming context where students are invited to participate in a life of common worship. This contrasted with her experience at other seminaries, where faculty seemed to have little interest in worship and prayer.

I feel profoundly affirmed that General is headed in the right direction and am deeply hopeful that our unique response to the challenges facing theological education and the Church is the right one. Here, we are committing to a rhythm of life that is faithful to the DNA of this place, forged into the very architecture of the Close, where the Chapel stands at the center of our campus—both physically and spiritually.

So, yes, here in the depths of winter, I evoke an image of spring and resurrection. Much as the green blade emerges from the buried grain, I see great gardens and fruitful crops growing here at General. I am hopeful and excited for the future of education and formation at The General Theological Seminary.

Students Practice The Way of Wisdom

In response to the evolving needs of the Church, The General Theological Seminary is building a program of education and formation that integrates the classical theological disciplines with real-world experience and practical ministry skills. As part of The Way of Wisdom, seminarians spend their final year in a Wisdom Year residency while connecting their experience to their class work through particpation in the Integrative Seminars. During The Wisdom Year, students synthesize their entire seminary education through practical experience that goes beyond field placement, by placing them in real-world, paid, part-time positions in a ministry setting. The students are given support, mentoring, and tools to connect this experience to their academic pursuits on campus.

Following are a few of our currents students and the experiences they are having out in the world of parish ministry.

Christopher McNabb Anglican Studies, Class of 2017

McNabb leads adult education at St. Paul’s Chatham, discussing how we can pray for our world, amidst great suffering.
McNabb leads adult education at St. Paul’s Chatham, discussing how we can pray for our world, amidst great suffering.

After receiving his M.Div. from Princeton Seminary, Christopher McNabb, a postulant from the Diocese of New Jersey, is completing his education and formation at General with a year of Anglican Studies. He is fulfilling his Wisdom Year Residency at St. Paul’s Church, Chatham, New Jersey. McNabb’s life and call are rooted in his commitment to embrace the love, compassion, and forgiveness Jesus modeled for us. He sees his residency at St. Paul’s as an opportunity to practice and celebrate with a vibrant community “awake to the suffering of the world.” They are active members of Newark Shared Ministry, which just launched a high school equivalency tutoring program. They also visit immigration detention centers and partner with the Diocese of Newark's prison ministry program.

Above and beyond the financial benefits, McNabb is grateful for the Wisdom Year, because he's growing in his love for parish ministry. He credits St. Paul’s with a beautiful liturgy, a quality music program, outstanding pastoral care, and fun fellowship, all while taking the Presiding Bishop's pledge seriously: “to transform the world from the nightmare it often is into the dream God intends for us all.’’ “St. Paul's is awake and dreaming,” says McNabb. “It’s a great blessing to serve this parish under the leadership of the Rev. Mary Davis: she has shown me how to create a strong and healthy spiritual community—which so many people hunger for.”

Shirley has his first opportunity to preach in Spanish.
Shirley has his first opportunity to preach in Spanish.

John ShirleyM.Div., Class of 2017

John Shirley, from the Diocese of Central Pennsylvania, feels called in one the many aspects of his vocation to practice ministry with the Hispanic and Latino community. This calling began to build with a summer internship in the Diocese of Puerto Rico, where he was able to explore Puerto Rican culture and become more conversant in the Spanish language. With his Wisdom Year Pastoral Residency at St. Mark’s Church, Jackson Heights, he has found new direction and supportive experience for his call. St. Mark's proclaims the gospel with bi-lingual, eucharistic worship in the Anglican Episcopal tradition.

Shirley also has the opportunity to minister to the needs of a diverse congregation of English and Spanish speakers with participation in pastoral visits, vestry meetings, assisting at weekday services, committee meetings, and diocesan events.

With outreach through Christian education and social support, St. Mark’s strives to enhance spiritual growth and development while promoting a unified and inclusive multi-cultural and bilingual community. For Shirley “the opportunity to experience and learn how to be church in a diverse cultural environment—one which is celebratory and accepting—has been profound and transformative to my understanding and practice of ministry.”

Deborah Lee and Alexander BartonM.Div., Class of 2017

Lee and Barton (right) take a leadership role as liaisons between parish ministry and the sports and recreation program.
Lee and Barton (right) take a leadership role as liaisons between parish ministry and the sports and recreation program.

Deborah Lee from the Diocese of New York and Alexander Barton from the Diocese of Ohio are doing their Wisdom Year Pastoral Residencies at the Church of the Intercession in New York City. The Church of the Intercession is a welcoming and multi-cultural parish engaged in numerous opportunities for community outreach in an urban setting. Lee and Barton practice all aspects of congregational life—pastoral, liturgical, programmatic, and administrative—in the context of paid ministerial positions, that also include the opportunity to preach.

This Wisdom Year placement has enabled them to experience a critical challenge for underfunded urban parishes: nurturing the gifts of the spirit within the youth and community at large. Alex is grateful for this opportunity to further support his call to “be part of a process of re-envisioning worship and programs in urban parishes and see what church looks like in non-traditional forms of worship.”

Lee is thankful she has been able to use her Wisdom Year "as a discernment tool for future ministry. The experience is continuously breaking open what I thought ministry should or shouldn't be. It has given me the advantage of viewing ministry not only in terms of something that I do, but also as an expression of who I am as Christ’s disciple serving the people in the Church, as well as beyond the walls of the Church."

The Integrative Seminar: Year in Review


The Rev. Emily Wachner

Director of Integrative Programs

As the year comes to a close, and Wisdom Year students delve into the full life of the parish in Advent and Christmas, we have begun the process of reflecting on the semester that has past. This term was the first in which Wisdom Year work was paired with a demanding 3-credit course of study in practical ministry—the Integrative Seminar.

As a way to introduce you to what has happened this year, here are the top five books, topics, and speakers the Wisdom Year students encountered over the past four months:

1. Ethnography as aPastoral Practice: An Introduction by Mary Clark Moschella

We began the year by reading chapters from this book, which encourages pastors to seek to deeply understand cultural context and history by learning the stories of their congregants—and the congregation as a whole. Ethnography, a tool from the field of cultural anthropology, is utilized as a kind of pastoral mirror to help priest and people gain a deeper understanding of their common life.

2. Culture and Context – Immersion into Neighborhood Ministry: Dr. Maria Liu Wong, Dean, City Seminary of New York

As the year progressed, students were asked to engage in the neighborhood context of their Wisdom Year sites, spending time walking the streets around their parishes. To familiarize the Wisdom Year students with this approach, we visited City Seminary and learned about their deep engagement with Harlem.

3. Introduction to Parish Finance and Stewardship: The Rev. Jerry Keucher and The Rev. Suzanne Culhane

When imagining their first year out of seminary, senior and Anglican Year students uniformly expressed a desire to learn more about parish finance before graduation. The Rev. Jerry Keucher, former CFO of the Diocese of New York, shared his wisdom with us around basic financial concepts, such as assets, endowments, and operating budgets; the Rev. Suzanne Culhane, Curate for Stewardship at Christ Church Greenwich, Connecticut, offered a presentation on theology and practice of stewardship.

4. Congregational Conflict: The Rev. Dr. Jim Cooper

Dr. Cooper, the recently-retired Rector of Trinity Wall Street, visited the Wisdom Year Integrative Seminar to share an inside perspective on congregational conflict, particularly the tumultuous concluding years of his ministry at Trinity Wall Street.

5. Supervisor Interviews: Money and Pastoral Care

Toward the end of the semester, as culminating projects of the Pastoral Care and Parish Finance units, Wisdom Year students interviewed their field education supervisors to gain a deeper understanding of their decision-making when encountering challenging pastoral care situations, and when managing parish finances. Supervisors were remarkably candid in sharing their own experiences, one of the great benefits of the Wisdom Year residency.

The spring semester will include new material—for example, Digital Ministry in the 21st Century—and will revisit topics of great interest to the students, such as parish finance. It is satisfying to see each Wisdom Year student grow in knowledge and experience, and therefore wisdom, as a result of their classroom and field studies.

Prof. McPherson Opens the Sophia Conference

V.K. McCarty with Prof. McPherson

On December 9, 2016, the Rev. Dr. Clair McPherson, Professor of Christian Theology at The General Theological Seminary, delivered the first keynote address at the Ninth Annual Sophia Institute Conference, one of the world’s great Patristic and Orthodox gatherings. Sophia Institute President, the Very Rev. John McGuckin, introduced McPherson as “one of our most eminent Patristic scholars, and the world’s leading expert on Nilus of Ancyra.” Nilus was in fact McPherson's subject; he spoke for almost an hour on the results of his research into and translations of this neglected fifth-century Greek theologian. He described how Nilus is a major Christian writer for several reasons: he is the link between the great Nicene theologians of the fourth century and the later Byzantine tradition; he offers us a window into the life of the Church and city in the fifth century; and his striking style makes him interesting to believers and nonbelievers alike. McPherson’s talk was also a brief foretaste of his forthcoming book on Nilus, Nilus of Ancyra: a Link in the Chain, which will contain translations of almost everything Nilus wrote, plus a book-length introduction and interpretation.

V.K. McCarty, Class of 2011, who presented at the conference her own paper titled, "Kindling Divine Fire: The Ascetical Teaching of St. Syncletica," says McPherson's presentation contained "even more exciting Nilus material than we've ever heard before."

IN MEMORIAM: Margaret A. Guenther '83

A portrait of Guenther hangs in the Refectory of The General Theological Seminary.

Guenther was an active layperson at St. Columba’s, Washington, D.C. in the 1960s and 1970s, when she moved to New York to pursue Ordination to the Priesthood. She received her M.Div. from General in 1983, and returned to St. Columba’s in 1998 to serve as Associate Rector. She also holds a B.A. and M.A. from the University of Kansas and a Ph.D. from Radcliffe College. She is survived by her husband, Jack Guenther; they have three grown children and five grandchildren.

A Celebration of the Life of Margaret Guenther will be held on Wednesday, December 28 at 2:00 p.m. at St. Columba’s Episcopal Church, 4201 Albemarle Street NW, Washington, DC 20016, with a reception to follow.

The Rev. Canon Stuart A. Kenworthy, Class of 1984, remembers his friend and colleague from the Diocese of Washington for “touching so many faithful and those seeking God across the years with her compassion, spiritual wisdom, and counsel. She was a treasure of the church and all whose lives she touched."

Dr. Anne Silver, current leader of the Center for Christian Spirituality, deeply appreciates the legacy of her work, “especially how important her first book, Holy Listening, was in introducing people, including women and lay people, to the ministry of spiritual direction, and the role it continues to play in forming spiritual directors now.”

“Margaret’s presence at General has lasted long after she finished her service here,” said the Very Rev. Kurt H. Dunkle, Dean and President. “Her spirit lives through the Center for Christian Spirituality, and her wisdom and compassion have become part of the DNA of The General Theological Seminary.”

Remembering a Faithful Servant


The Rev. James B. Jeffrey (Class of 1958), a dear and faithful son of General and servant of the Church, died on July 7, 2013. His financial support, both to the Annual Fund and Chelsea Square Development Campaigns, was unwavering. We learned after his death that Jeffrey had remembered the Seminary with a very generous Legacy Gift, and we want to take this moment to remember him with our deep gratitude and uplifted prayers. His gift matters. It is not only a healthy boost to our ongoing efforts to grow our endowment; it reinforces our resolve to educate and form the leaders who will grow the Church that Jim Jeffrey served with steadfast faith and devotion.

Jeffrey’s dedication and stewardship went far beyond the financial. His pastoral care and the leadership he provided to alumni who followed him was near legendary. Peggy Muncie, Class of 1974 and current member of the Board of Trustees, remembers him as “one of the fathers of CPE and health care chaplaincy in New York,” where he was a CPE Supervisor at the birth of Midtown Chaplaincy. Muncie, one of General Semianry’s  first female graduates, noted that Jeffrey was a great supporter of her interest in chaplaincy, “showing wonderful encouragement at a time when it was difficult to support a woman.”

After graduating from General, Jeffrey served the Church of the Incarnation in New York City for four years and then became Rector of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church in Eastchester, New York, until 1966. After being awarded a Fellowship by the Episcopal Mission Society of the Diocese of New York in Clinical Pastoral Education, he moved into institutional chaplaincy at both hospitals and prison ministries.

As the Chaplain and CPE Supervisor at St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, he established their AIDS Ministry and continued to care for those with AIDS until retirement in 1995. Jim Jeffrey spent his entire ministry in the Diocese of New York and the Eastern Region of the Association for Clinical Pastoral Education (ACPE). He served the Diocese as the Dean of Institutional Clergy and for the Committee on Alcoholism and Addictions. Within the ACPE, he served on the Certification Committee and chaired the Accreditation Committee. He helped found the Gay and Lesbian Task Force and was elected the Regional Director of the Eastern Region ACPE.

Jeffrey’s true passion was gardening and horticulture. He was renowned for his success in acclimatizing camellias to the environment of his East Hampton home. He was Honorary Vice President of the Delphinium Society, President of the Horticultural Alliance of the Hamptons, bringing horticultural education to local schools, the elderly, and the disabled.

Muncie also remembers a “caring individual and good educator who was challenging, kind, and compassionate.”  Jeffrey was encouraging of ministry in whatever form it might take. We give thanks that his journey of joy, faith, knowledge, and devotion to General and the Episcopal Church led him to leave a lasting legacy in support of theological education. Working through benefactors like Jim Jeffrey, the Holy Spirit ensures that faithful witness and mission not only continue, but grow.